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What are Synthetic Oils?

What is a synthetic lubricant?

A synthetic oil contains more highly refined base oils than those used in conventional mineral oils, offering superior protection and performance. Synthetic engine oils provide you with a host of benefits which keep your engine running at optimal performance for years.

To understand synthetic engine oils, you need to examine the origins of engine oils.

There are two basic types of lubricants available:

  1. Traditional conventional mineral oils.
  2. Synthetic lubricants, growing in popularity and demand.

Synthetic vs Conventional Lubricants

What's so good about synthetic lubricants?

The performance of synthetic oils, in particular Mobil 1, is more robust, especially in terms of low temperature pumpability and high temperature stability and protection against deposits. These attributes translate directly into less engine wear, increased fuel economy and longer engine life.

Synthetic oils have been developed specifically to cope with extreme conditions found within modern engines. They are much more free-flowing than traditional mineral oils. The biggest benefit greatly increases engine protection. When an engine is first started, a mineral oil takes some time to circulate, allowing friction between un-lubricated parts to cause wear. In contrast, a synthetic lubricant starts circulating straight away, protecting every moving part within the engine.

Synthetic oils can also significantly improve fuel economy. During the warm-up period of a typical car journey, mineral oils are thicker and move slower, making the engine thirstier and less efficient. Because synthetics get to work much quicker, the engine reaches peak operating efficiency that much sooner.

Another advantage of synthetics is that they're cleaner and environmentally-friendlier - helping to cut engine emissions when compared to conventional mineral oils. Conventional mineral oils also contain greater amounts of impurities, such as sulfur, reactive and unstable hydrocarbons and other undesirable contaminants that cannot be completely removed by conventional refining of crude oil.

In all these important respects, synthetic lubricants easily outperform mineral oils. As a 100% synthetic oil, Mobil 1 offers significant advantages over conventional engine oils, such as:

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